Basswood / Limewood – Grabovetskiy School of Wood Carving

Basswood / Limewood

School of Woodcarving | https://schoolofwoodcarving.com

Lime-Tree | Basswood

Basswood School of Wood Carving, Skool vir Wood Carving, Shkolla e gdhendje në dru, Wood Carving School, Egur taila Eskolan, Escola de Tallat en Fusta, School sa pagkulit sa kahoy, Scuola di scultura di Wood, Škola drvorezbara, School of rezbárství School of Houtsnijwerk Lernejo de Wood Carving, School of Puidunikerdamine, School of Ukuqopha ukhuni, School of Igi gbígb?, Skoalle of houtfykjen, School of ukhuni, Skoalle of houtfykjen Ysgol o Cerfio Pren, Tru?ng kh?c g?, Yog'och o'ymakorlik maktabi,  Ahsap Oyma Okulu, Sakola Kai ukiran Escuela de Talla de Madera, Sekolo sa Wood betla, School of xardho Wood, School of rezbárstvo, Sgoil Wood Gràbhaladh, Aoga a le vaneina Wood, coala de Sculptura în lemn, Escola, madeira, esculpindo, Szkola Rzezbiarskich, Scuola di Intaglio su legno,Scoil an snoíodóireacht adhmaid, Sekolah ukiran kayu, School of osisi a t?r? at?, Skóli tréskurð, Iskola fafaragás, Lub tsev kawm ntawv ntawm cov ntoo carving, School o ka laau ke kalai ana i, School of itace sassa?a, Lekòl nan Sur bwa, Schule der Holzschnitzerei, Escola de escultura en madeira, École de sculpture sur bois, School of puusta veistämällä, Kooli puunikerduskunst,   בית הספר לגלף עץ School of Wood Carving, Skool vir Wood Carving, Shkolla e gdhendje në dru, የእንጨት ይጠርብ ስለ ትምህርት ቤት, مدرسة نحت الخشب, Դպրոցը Փայտարվեստի, Wood Carving School, কাঠ খোদাই স্কুল, Egur taila Eskolan, Школа разьбы па дрэве, Училище за Дърворезба, သစ်သားထွင်း၏ကျောင်းစာအုပ်, Escola de Tallat en Fusta, School sa pagkulit sa kahoy, 木雕学校, 木雕學校, Scuola di scultura di Wood, Škola drvorezbara, School of řezbářství School of Houtsnijwerk Lernejo de Wood Carving, School of Puidunikerdamine, School of Ukuqopha ukhuni, School of Igi gbígbẹ, שולע פון ​​האָלץ קאַרווינג, Skoalle of houtfykjen, School of ukhuni, Skoalle of houtfykjen Ysgol o Cerfio Pren, Trường khắc gỗ, Yog'och o'ymakorlik maktabi, لکڑی Carving کے سکول, Школа різьблення по дереву, Ahşap Oyma Okulu, โรงเรียนแกะสลักไม้, స్కూల్ వుడ్ కార్వింగ్ యొక్క, மரத்தில் செதுக்குதல் பள்ளி, Мактаби кандакорӣ Вуд, Sakola Kai ukiran Escuela de Talla de Madera, Sekolo sa Wood betla, School of xardho Wood, School of rezbárstvo, ලී කැටයම් පාසල්, ڪاٺ جي جشن جو اسڪول, Sgoil Wood Gràbhaladh, Aoga a le vaneina Wood, Школа резьбы по дереву, Școala de Sculptură în lemn, ਲੱਕੜ ਗਠਨ ਦਾ ਸਕੂਲ, Escola, madeira, esculpindo, Szkoła Rzeźbiarskich, مدرسه از کنده کاری چوب, د لرګيو carving ښوونځي, 나무 조각 학교, សាលានៃចម្លាក់ឈើ, Ағаш ою мектебі, ಸ್ಕೂಲ್ ವುಡ್ ಕಾರ್ವಿಂಗ್ ಆಫ್, 木彫り学校, Scuola di Intaglio su legno,Scoil an snoíodóireacht adhmaid, Sekolah ukiran kayu, School of osisi a tụrụ atụ, Skóli tréskurð, Iskola fafaragás, Lub tsev kawm ntawv ntawm cov ntoo carving, लकड़ी नक्काशी का स्कूल, School o ka laau ke kalai ana i, School of itace sassaƙa, Lekòl nan Sur bwa, લાકડું નકશીકામે શાળા, Σχολείο της ξυλογλυπτικής, Schule der Holzschnitzerei, სკოლის ხეზეჭრა, Escola de escultura en madeira, École de sculpture sur bois, School of puusta veistämällä, Kooli puunikerduskunst,

OF THE LIME-TREE

… … And because of its Colour, and easy working, and that it is not subject to split, Architects make with it Models for their designed Buildings; and the Carvers in Wood, note only for small Figures, but Large Statues and intire Histories, in Bass, and high Relieve; witness ( besides several more) the Lapidation of St Stephen, wth the Structures and Elevations  about it: The Tropphies, Festoons, Frutages, Encarpa, and other  Sculptures in the  Frontoons, Freezes, Capitals,Pedestals, and other Ornaments and Decorations ( of admirable Invention and Performance) to be seen about the Choir of St. Paul’s  and other  Churches; Royal Palaces, and Noble Houses in City and Countrey. All of them, the Works and Invention of our Lysippus, Mr Gibbons; comparable, and for ought appears, equal to any things of Antients; having had the Hounour (for so I account it) to be the first who Recommended this great Artist to his Majesty, Charles the II. I mention it on this occasion, with much satisfaction.

                                                                  – John Evelyn: Silva (1706)

Common Name(s): Basswood, American Basswood, Lime, Linden

Scientific Name: Tilia americana

Distribution: Eastern North America

Tree Size: 65-120 ft (20-37 m) tall, 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight: 26 lbs/ft3 (415 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .32, .42

Janka Hardness: 410 lbf (1,824 N)

Modulus of Rupture: 8,700 lbf/in2 (60.0 MPa)

Elastic Modulus: 1,460,000 lbf/in2 (10.07 GPa)

Crushing Strength: 4,730 lbf/in2 (32.6 MPa)

Shrinkage: Radial: 6.6%, Tangential: 9.3%, Volumetric: 15.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.4

Color/Appearance: Pale white to light brown color, with sapwood and heartwood sections not clearly defined. Growth rings tend to be subtle, and color is mostly uniform throughout the face grain of the wood. Knots and other defects are uncommon.

Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a fine, even texture and moderate natural luster.

Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; medium pores predominantly in radial multiples or clusters of 2-4; growth rings indistinct or distinct due to marginal parenchyma; medium to large rays, normal spacing, noded; parenchyma banded (marginal), apotracheal parenchyma diffuse-in-aggregates.

Rot Resistance: Basswood is rated as being non-durable in regard to heartwood decay.

Workability: Easy to work, being very soft and light. Perhaps one of the most suitable wood species for hand carving. Basswood also glues and finishes well, but has poor steam bending and nail holding characteristics.

Odor: No characteristic odor.

Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Basswood. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.

Pricing/Availability: Widely available as lumber or carving blanks. Prices are in the lower range for a domestic hardwood, though larger carving blocks are more expensive.

Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Common Uses: Carvings, lumber, musical instruments (electric guitar bodies), veneer, plywood, and wood pulp and fiber products.

Comments: Species in the Tilia genus are usually referred to as either Lime or Linden in Europe, while  in North America it’s most commonly called Basswood.

Basswood is an ideal wood for  many woodcarvers. Its soft, fine, even texture make it easy to work with, while its pale, inconspicuous color doesn’t detract from the carved patterns of the finished product (which also makes it easier to paint and color).

Though Basswood has high initial shrinkage, the wood is stable in service after it has been dried. And though the wood is both lightweight and soft, it has an outstanding MOE-to-weight ratio. However, its MOR is on par with its low weight; simply put, when put under stress, the wood will remain stiff, but will still break (rupture) at a relatively average weight.

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